Legal Actions Against Perpetrators of Violence
Bahrain was recently confronted by a wave of violence, riots
and vandalism, which led to the detention of tens of individuals,
many of whom have now been charged. However, there has since been
a decline in violence, and the trials of those accused of involvement
are continuing. The following panorama provides an overview of the
current legal and security situation:
■ On 2 October 2010, the Public Prosecutor announced the referral
of a citizen from Aker village to the Psychiatric Hospital to check
his mental condition. The person had been arrested in circumstances
related to security issues.
■ On 3 October 2010, the High Criminal Court found three defendants
guilty of attempting to set fire to al Diraz Primary School for
Boys, and sentenced each to three years´ imprisonment. The school
was attacked by burning bombs on 8 May 2010.
In the same date, the same Court ordered to carry out medical
examination on two defendants involved in the ‘Scrap fire’, after
claiming they were forced to do so. The fire took place in Askar,
on 19 August 2010, and lasted for four days destroying properties
and polluted both the environment and nearby residential areas.
In another hearing session held on 10 October 2010, the medical
report revealed injuries to the bodies of the accused but was unable
to identify the time, reason, or device used in inflicting the injuries.
■ On 3 October 2010, the Lower Criminal Court sentenced three
individuals to a year’s imprisonment for rioting and setting fires.
■ On 6 October 2010, the General Prosecutor referred five defendants
(one is currently on the run) to the High Criminal Court. The five
individuals have been accused of plotting to bomb vital institutions
in the country.
■ On 6 October 2010, the Lower Criminal Court sentenced one person
to a month’s imprisonment for his involvement in riots.
■ On 10 October 2010, the Court of Appeal ordered the Public
Prosecutor to summon an individual to Court on 6 February 2011 due
to his involvement in a car bomb in the village of Daih. The car
exploded in April 2009, killing one accused and causing the other
to lose his sight. The latter was sentenced to ten years’ imprisonment.
■ On 15 October 2010, security forces arrested three women from
Sitra. The women claimed being subjected to ‘mistreatment’ by the
security forces while being searched at the entrance to the village.
On 17 October 2010, an official from the Ministry of Interior Mohammed
Rashid bo Hamood said that the three women insulted the security
forces verbally and physically, and that the testimonies of the
security forces were recorded. The men were also referred to a hospital
for medical examination.
■ On 17 October 2010, the High Criminal Court sentenced two persons
to five and three years’ imprisonment respectively for using Molotov
cocktails to burn the lighting box of the Osama bin Zaid Mosque.
■ On 26 October 2010, the High Criminal Court sentenced six persons
to five years’ imprisonment for using bombs to attack the house
of former Municipal Member Ali Mansour,. While announcing his intention
to drop the case, Mansour demanded the release of the detainees.
■ On 26 October 2010, the Lower Criminal Court sentenced a citizen
to a year’s imprisonment for distributing publications that incite
hatred and contempt against the regime.
■ On 1 November 2010, the Third High Criminal Court sentenced
four youths to five years’ imprisonment, and a fifth one to three
years’ imprisonment, for burning rubbish bins and placing them in
the middle of the street in Ras Ruman.
■ Five citizens have been imprisoned for their involvement in
the fire of Adhari Amusement Park, which took place on 14 March
2010. The five persons went to the park at night and set tyres on
fire, which caused burns to three of them. The fourth individual
then took them to hospital for medical treatment, and gave false
information on how the injuries were sustained. The Court sentenced
three of the defendants to seven years’ imprisonment, and the fourth
to three years, whilst the fifth individual is serving a six-month
■ On 3 November 2010, Mohammed Mushaima, son of Hassan Mushaima,
appeared before the Lower Criminal Court with another defendant
in the presence of their lawyer. The trial was adjourned to 20 December
2010 in order for the defence to present their pleadings.
■ On the dawn of 5 November 2010, 40 cars were vandalised by
anonymous individuals who pierced their tyres. Complex 303 was also
■ On 6 November 2010, the High Criminal Court sentenced a citizen
to three years’ imprisonment for causing the explosion of a gas
cylinder in the governorate of Muharraq and for setting tyres on
fire. The defendant had previously been convicted and sentenced
between two to five years’ imprisonment in other security cases.
■ On 17 November 2010, the High Criminal Court sentenced four
persons to periods ranging from three to five years. The four persons
had attacked a police patrol car with fire bombs on 20/11/2009.
In a separate case the same Court acquitted a defendant of riot
charges and tyre burning in the city of Muharraq.